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The Tashkent Agreement, also known as the Tashkent Declaration, was signed on January 10, 1966, by the leaders of India and Pakistan to end the 1965 Indo-Pakistani War. This historic agreement marked the first time the two countries had met to peacefully resolve their conflict.

Here are the main points of the Tashkent Agreement:

1. Ceasefire: The first and most important provision of the Tashkent Agreement was a call for an immediate ceasefire. Both countries agreed to halt all military operations and withdraw their troops back to their respective positions before the start of the war.

2. Talks: The agreement also called for the establishment of a high-level commission to investigate the causes of the conflict, the work of the commission to be assisted by the representatives of the Soviet Union.

3. Respect for territorial integrity: Both India and Pakistan agreed to respect each other`s territorial integrity and sovereignty. They pledged to refrain from interfering in each other`s internal affairs.

4. Non-aggression: The Tashkent Agreement also called for both countries to refrain from using force against each other. This provision was seen as a way of preventing another war between India and Pakistan.

5. Humanitarian measures: The agreement also called for the release of all prisoners of war and the return of the dead to their respective countries.

6. Economic cooperation: The Tashkent Agreement also stressed the importance of economic cooperation between the two countries. The leaders of India and Pakistan agreed to work towards developing economic ties and promoting trade between the two nations.

In conclusion, the Tashkent Agreement was a crucial step towards peace and stability in South Asia. While the agreement did not resolve all of the underlying issues between India and Pakistan, such as the dispute over Kashmir, it did demonstrate that the two countries could work together towards resolving their differences peacefully.